Vue.js Essentials : Creating an Application

Vue.js Essentials : Creating an Application

Vue.js Essentials: Creating an Application – A Step-by-Step Guide

Vue.js is a popular JavaScript framework that allows you to build user interfaces and enhance the functionality of your web applications. With its intuitive syntax and powerful features, Vue.js is a great choice for developers looking to create modern, reactive web applications.

In this step-by-step guide, we will walk you through the process of creating a Vue.js application from start to finish. Whether you are new to Vue.js or have some experience with the framework, this guide will provide you with the essential knowledge and skills to build your own application.

First, we will start by setting up our development environment and installing the necessary dependencies. You will learn how to use the Vue CLI to quickly scaffold a new project and configure the necessary build tools. We will also cover the basic structure of a Vue.js application and how to organize your code for maximum maintainability and reusability.

Next, we will dive into the core concepts of Vue.js, such as components, directives, and filters. You will learn how to create reusable components and leverage Vue.js’s reactive data bindings to update the UI dynamically based on changes to the underlying data.

Throughout the guide, we will also cover best practices and common patterns for building Vue.js applications. You will learn how to handle user input, make API requests, and manage state using Vuex, Vue.js’s official state management library. By the end of this guide, you will have a solid foundation in Vue.js and be able to create your own complex, interactive web applications.

Note: This guide assumes some prior knowledge of JavaScript and basic web development concepts. Familiarity with HTML, CSS, and JavaScript will be helpful, but not required.

Table of Contents

What is Vue.js?

Vue.js Overview

Vue.js is an open-source JavaScript framework for building user interfaces. It is designed to be progressive, meaning it can be used for building small interactive elements on a page or for building large-scale applications.

Vue.js follows a component-based architecture, which allows developers to break down their application into reusable and self-contained components. Each component manages its own state and can be easily composed together to build complex user interfaces.

Key Features of Vue.js

  • Reactivity: Vue.js provides a reactive data binding system, which means that any changes made to the data will automatically reflect in the user interface without the need for manual DOM manipulation.
  • Virtual DOM: Vue.js uses a virtual DOM system, which allows it to efficiently update only the parts of the UI that have changed, resulting in improved performance.
  • Template Syntax: Vue.js offers a simple and intuitive template syntax that allows developers to declaratively render the UI based on the underlying data.
  • Component Composition: Vue.js enables developers to build complex user interfaces by composing smaller, reusable components together.
  • Scoped Styles: Vue.js supports scoped styles, which means that the styles defined within a component are isolated and do not affect the styles of other components.

Comparisons to Other Frameworks

In terms of functionality and features, Vue.js can be compared to other popular JavaScript frameworks like React and Angular. However, Vue.js is often praised for its simplicity and ease of learning, making it a popular choice for beginner developers.

Use Cases

Vue.js can be used to build a wide range of applications, from single-page applications (SPAs) to more complex, multi-page applications. It is especially well-suited for building interactive user interfaces and can be easily integrated into existing projects.


Vue.js is a powerful JavaScript framework with a focus on simplicity and reusability. Its component-based architecture and reactive data binding system make it a popular choice for building modern web applications.

Chapter 2: Setting Up Your Development Environment

System Requirements

System Requirements

Before you can start building Vue.js applications, make sure your computer meets the following system requirements:

  • Operating System: Windows, macOS, or Linux
  • Node.js: Version 8.x or above
  • NPM: Version 5.x or above
  • Git: Version 2.x or above (optional, but recommended)

Installing Node.js

To install Node.js on your computer, follow these steps:

  1. Visit the official Node.js website at
  2. Download the appropriate installer for your operating system
  3. Run the installer and follow the installation instructions

Installing NPM

NPM, which stands for Node Package Manager, is included with Node.js. To check if NPM is installed, open your command prompt or terminal and run the following command:

npm -v

If NPM is installed, you will see the version number printed on the screen. If not, you can install it by running the following command:

npm install npm@latest -g

Installing Git (optional)

Installing Git is optional, but it is recommended for version control and collaboration with other developers. To install Git, follow these steps:

  1. Visit the official Git website at
  2. Download the appropriate installer for your operating system
  3. Run the installer and follow the installation instructions

Setting up a Vue.js Project

Once you have a stable development environment with Node.js and NPM installed, you can create a new Vue.js project by running the following command in your terminal or command prompt:

vue create my-project

This will create a new directory called “my-project” with a basic Vue.js project structure.

Running the Development Server

To launch the development server and see your Vue.js application in action, navigate to the project directory in your terminal or command prompt and run the following command:

npm run serve

This will start the development server and provide you with a URL where you can access your application. By default, the URL will be http://localhost:8080.


In this chapter, we discussed the system requirements for developing Vue.js applications and the steps to set up your development environment. We covered the installation of Node.js, NPM, and Git (optional), as well as creating a new Vue.js project and running the development server. In the next chapter, we will dive deeper into Vue.js components and creating a simple application.

Installing Node.js and npm

Before we can start building our Vue.js application, we need to install Node.js and npm (Node Package Manager). Node.js is a JavaScript runtime environment that allows us to run JavaScript on the server side, and npm is a package manager for JavaScript libraries and tools.

To install Node.js and npm, follow these steps:

  1. Open your web browser and go to the official Node.js website:

  2. Download the Node.js installation package for your operating system (Windows, macOS, or Linux).

  3. Run the downloaded installation package and follow the on-screen instructions to install Node.js. This will also install npm automatically.

  4. To verify that Node.js and npm are installed correctly, open your terminal or command prompt and type the following commands:

    node -v

    npm -v

    If the commands return the version numbers of Node.js and npm, respectively, then the installation was successful.

Congratulations, you have successfully installed Node.js and npm! Now we can move on to building our Vue.js application.

Chapter 3: Creating a New Vue.js Application


In this chapter, we will walk through the process of creating a new Vue.js application from scratch. We will start by installing the necessary dependencies and setting up the project structure. Then, we will create the main Vue instance and set up the basic components and routing.

Installing Dependencies

Before we can start building our Vue.js application, we need to install a few dependencies. We will be using Vue CLI, which is a command-line tool for scaffolding Vue.js projects. To install Vue CLI, open your terminal and run the following command:

$ npm install -g @vue/cli

Once Vue CLI is installed, we can use it to create a new Vue.js project.

Creating a New Vue.js Project

To create a new Vue.js project, navigate to the directory where you want to create the project and run the following command:

$ vue create my-vue-app

This command will prompt you to choose a preset for your project. You can select the default preset or manually select the features you want to include. Once you have made your selection, Vue CLI will install the necessary dependencies and set up the project structure.

Setting Up the Project Structure

After creating the project, navigate into the project directory by running the following command:

$ cd my-vue-app

Inside the project directory, you will find the following structure:

  • node_modules: This folder contains all the third-party dependencies installed by Vue CLI.
  • public: This folder contains the static assets for your project, such as HTML files and images.
  • src: This folder contains the source code for your Vue.js application.
  • .gitignore: This file specifies the files and directories that should be ignored by Git.
  • babel.config.js: This file contains the Babel configuration for the project.
  • package.json: This file contains the project metadata and the list of dependencies.
  • package-lock.json: This file is automatically generated by npm and locks down the versions of the installed dependencies.

Creating the Main Vue Instance

To create the main Vue instance for your application, open the src/main.js file and add the following code:

import Vue from 'vue'

import App from './App.vue'

new Vue({

render: h => h(App),


This code imports the Vue library and the App component, and creates a new Vue instance with the render function. The render function is responsible for rendering the App component. We then mount the Vue instance to the #app element in the HTML file of our application.

Setting Up Basic Components and Routing

With the main Vue instance in place, we can now start setting up the basic components and routing for our application. This involves creating the necessary component files in the src/components directory and configuring the routing in the src/router/index.js file.


In this chapter, we learned how to create a new Vue.js application from scratch. We installed the necessary dependencies, set up the project structure, created the main Vue instance, and started setting up the basic components and routing. Now we can move on to the next chapter and start building the actual features of our application.

Using the Vue CLI

What is the Vue CLI?

The Vue CLI is a command line interface tool that allows developers to scaffold and build Vue.js projects easily. It provides a set of helpful commands and features to streamline the development process.

Installing the Vue CLI

The Vue CLI can be installed globally on your system using npm (Node Package Manager). Open your terminal or command prompt and run the following command:

npm install -g @vue/cli

This will install the Vue CLI globally on your system, making it accessible from any directory.

Creating a New Vue Project

Once the Vue CLI is installed, you can use it to quickly scaffold a new Vue.js project. Navigate to the directory where you want to create your project and run the following command:

vue create project-name

This command will create a new directory with the specified project name and initialize a new Vue project inside it. The Vue CLI will prompt you to choose a preset – you can select the default preset which includes basic configuration options.

Running the Project

After the project has been created, navigate into its directory using the terminal and run the command:

npm run serve

This command will start a local development server and display a URL where you can view your Vue project in the browser. You can make changes to your project’s files, and the server will automatically reload to reflect the changes.

Building for Production

When you are ready to deploy your Vue project, you can build it for production using the following command:

npm run build

This command will create a production-ready build of your project in a directory called “dist”. You can then deploy this directory to a web server or hosting service.


The Vue CLI is a powerful tool that simplifies the process of creating and managing Vue.js projects. It provides a range of features and commands that enhance the development workflow and make it easier to build powerful Vue applications.

Chapter 4: Building the User Interface


In this chapter, we will be focusing on building the user interface of our Vue.js application. The user interface is the visual representation of our application, where users interact with the application and consume the data and functionalities.


Vue.js uses a component-based architecture to build the user interface of the application. Components are reusable and self-contained pieces of code that encapsulate HTML, CSS, and JavaScript logic.

To create a component, we define a template that represents its HTML structure, a script section to define its behavior, and a styles section to define its CSS styles.

Data Binding

Data binding is a mechanism that allows us to bind data from the component’s JavaScript logic to the template. We can use double curly braces {{ }} to interpolate values within our HTML code or directly bind attributes to values using v-bind directive.


Vue.js provides a set of directives that allow us to apply special behavior to HTML elements or components. Some commonly used directives include v-if, v-for, and v-on.

  • v-if: Conditionally renders a block of HTML based on a specified condition.
  • v-for: Renders a block of HTML for each element in an array or an object.
  • v-on: Binds event listeners to HTML elements and executes JavaScript code when the event is triggered.

Event Handling

In Vue.js, we can handle user interactions by using event listeners and methods defined in our components. We can bind event listeners to HTML elements using the v-on directive and execute custom JavaScript code to handle and respond to the events.

List Rendering

Vue.js provides easy and efficient ways to render lists of items in our application. We can use the v-for directive to iterate over an array or an object and render a block of HTML for each item.

Conditional Rendering

Conditional rendering allows us to conditionally display or hide elements based on certain conditions. We can use the v-if directive to conditionally render blocks of HTML based on a specified condition.


Vue.js gives us the flexibility to style our components using CSS. We can use inline styles, define CSS classes, or even apply CSS frameworks like Bootstrap to style our components.


In this chapter, we learned about building the user interface of our Vue.js application. We explored components, data binding, directives, event handling, list rendering, conditional rendering, and styling. Now that we have a solid understanding of building the user interface, we can move on to the next chapter and start adding functionality to our application.

Creating Components

In Vue.js, components are reusable and self-contained blocks of code that can be easily used and manipulated within your application. Components allow you to break down your user interface into modular pieces, making it easier to manage and maintain your codebase.

Defining a Component

To define a component in Vue.js, you need to use the Vue.component() method. This method takes two parameters: the name of the component and an object containing the component’s options.

The name of the component should be in kebab-case, which means it should be in lowercase and words should be separated by hyphens. For example, if you wanted to create a component called “my-component”, the name would be “my-component”.

Here’s an example of how to define a basic component:


Vue.component(‘my-component’, {

// Component options



Inside the object passed as the second parameter to Vue.component(), you can specify various options that define the behavior and appearance of your component. Some of the most commonly used options include:

  • template: Defines the HTML template of the component.
  • data: Returns an object that contains the component’s data.
  • methods: Contains methods that can be used within the component.
  • computed: Contains computed properties that are automatically updated when their dependencies change.
  • props: Specifies the properties that can be passed to the component.
  • watch: Watches for changes in data and triggers a function when the data changes.

Using a Component

Once you have defined a component, you can use it in your application by including its tag in your HTML template. The tag should use the kebab-case version of the component’s name.

Here’s an example of how to use a component called “my-component”:



You can also pass data to a component using props. Props are specified as attributes on the component tag and can be accessed within the component by defining them in the props option.



Inside the component’s template, you can access the values of props using the mustache syntax.



Organizing Components

As your application grows, you may need to manage multiple components. To organize your components, you can create a separate directory for each component and place the component file inside that directory. This helps to keep your project structure clean and makes it easier to find and manage your components.

  • components/
    • MyComponent/
      • MyComponent.vue

By organizing your components in this way, you can easily import and use them in your application using the import statement:


import MyComponent from ‘./components/MyComponent/MyComponent.vue’


With the component imported, you can then register it with Vue using the Vue.component() method or by specifying it as a component option within a Vue instance.

By following these guidelines for creating and organizing your components, you can effectively manage and maintain your Vue.js application, allowing for easier development and scalability.

Chapter 5: Managing State with Vue

In this chapter, we will explore how to manage state within a Vue application. State management is a key aspect of building robust and scalable applications, and Vue provides several tools and techniques to help you effectively manage your application’s state.

Understanding State in Vue

State refers to the data that drives your application. It represents the current state of your application at any given point in time. In Vue, state can be stored and accessed using Vue’s built-in reactivity system.

Vue uses a declarative approach to managing state, where you define your application’s state as properties on a Vue instance. These properties can then be accessed and manipulated in your application’s templates and logic.

The Vue Instance

The Vue instance is the root of every Vue application and serves as the container for your application’s state. It provides a way to define and access the state of your application.

When creating a new Vue instance, you can define the initial state of your application by specifying data properties. These properties can be simple primitives like strings and numbers, or more complex objects and arrays.

Here is an example of creating a Vue instance with some initial state:

new Vue({

data: {

message: 'Hello, Vue!',

counter: 0,

todos: [

{ id: 1, title: 'Learn Vue', completed: false },

{ id: 2, title: 'Build an app', completed: false },

{ id: 3, title: 'Deploy to production', completed: false }




Updating State

In Vue, you can update the state of your application by modifying the data properties of your Vue instance. Vue automatically updates the DOM to reflect these changes, ensuring that your application remains in sync with its state.

You can update the state in response to user interactions, asynchronous requests, or any other event that triggers a state change. Vue provides various methods and techniques to update the state, such as computed properties, watchers, and methods.

Managing Complex State with Vuex

As your application grows in complexity, managing state directly within the Vue instance can become challenging. Vuex is a state management library that provides a centralized approach to managing state in Vue applications.

Vuex introduces concepts like actions, mutations, and getters to help you organize and manage your application’s state. It provides a predictable way to update and retrieve state, making it easier to maintain and debug your application.

By using Vuex, you can separate your application’s logic from its state and ensure that all state changes go through a single source of truth. This improves the maintainability and scalability of your application.


In this chapter, we explored the importance of managing state in Vue applications and learned how to use Vue’s reactivity system to define and update state. We also discovered Vuex as a powerful tool for managing complex state in larger applications.

By effectively managing state, you can create more robust and scalable Vue applications that are easier to maintain and extend.

Using Vuex for State Management

Vuex is a state management pattern and library for Vue.js applications. It serves as a centralized store for all the components in an application, making it easy to manage the state and handle complex data flow.

Benefits of using Vuex

  • Centralized state: Vuex allows you to store all the state of your application in a single place, making it easy to access and update from any component.
  • Reactivity: Vuex automatically updates the components when the state changes, eliminating the need for manual event handling.
  • Devtools: The Vuex devtools provide a visual interface for inspecting and debugging the state and mutations. This makes it easier to track down bugs and understand the data flow.
  • Modularity: Vuex allows you to modularize your store and divide it into separate modules, each responsible for a specific part of the application state. This makes it easier to manage and scale large applications.

Core Concepts of Vuex

In order to effectively use Vuex, it’s important to understand the core concepts:

  1. State: The state in Vuex is a single source of truth that represents the entire application’s state. It can be accessed using the state object.
  2. Getters: Getters are used to compute derived state based on the current state. They can be accessed using the getters object and are useful for filtering or transforming data.
  3. Mutations: Mutations are the only way to modify the state in Vuex. They are synchronous transactions that update the state and are accessed using the mutations object.
  4. Actions: Actions are similar to mutations, but they can be asynchronous and can call mutations. They are accessed using the actions object.
  5. Modules: Modules are used to divide the store into separate parts, making it more organized and maintainable. Each module can have its own state, getters, mutations, and actions.

Implementing Vuex in a Vue.js Application

To start using Vuex in a Vue.js application, you’ll need to install it first by running the following command:

npm install vuex

Once Vuex is installed, you can import it into your application’s main JavaScript file and use the Vue.use() method to enable it:

import Vue from 'vue';

import Vuex from 'vuex';


After enabling Vuex, you can create a new instance of the store by calling the new Vuex.Store() constructor and providing the desired configuration:

const store = new Vuex.Store({

state: {

// initial state


mutations: {

// mutations to update the state


actions: {

// actions to perform asynchronous tasks


getters: {

// getters to compute derived state


modules: {

// modules to divide the store



Finally, you can pass the store instance to the Vue instance to make it available to all components:

new Vue({


// other Vue options


With the Vuex store set up, you can now access the state, getters, mutations, and actions in your components using the provided APIs and manage the application’s state efficiently.


Vuex is a powerful state management library for Vue.js applications that provides a centralized store for managing complex data flow. By understanding the core concepts of Vuex and how to implement it in a Vue.js application, you can effectively manage and scale your application’s state with ease.

Chapter 6: Routing in Vue

Chapter 6: Routing in Vue


Routing is an essential part of building single-page applications (SPAs). It allows us to navigate between different pages or views within our application without having to reload the entire page.

Vue.js comes with its own routing library called Vue Router, which makes it easy to implement routing in our Vue applications.

Setting up Vue Router

To use Vue Router in our Vue application, we first need to install it. We can install Vue Router by running the following command:

npm install vue-router

Once Vue Router is installed, we need to import it into our application and initialize it. We can do this by creating a new file for our router configuration and importing Vue Router as shown below:

import Vue from 'vue'

import VueRouter from 'vue-router'


const router = new VueRouter({

routes: [

// Our routes will be defined here



export default router

After defining our routes, we can use the router instance in our main Vue instance by passing it as an option:

import Vue from 'vue'

import App from './App.vue'

import router from './router'

new Vue({


render: h => h(App),


Defining Routes

Now that we have set up Vue Router in our application, we can define our routes. Each route is defined as an object with a path and a component. The path specifies the URL for the route, and the component specifies the Vue component to render when the route is visited.

const router = new VueRouter({

routes: [

{ path: '/', component: Home },

{ path: '/about', component: About },

{ path: '/contact', component: Contact }



Navigating between Routes

Vue Router provides a convenient way to navigate between routes using the <router-link> component. We can use this component to create navigation links in our application:

<router-link to="/">Home</router-link>

<router-link to="/about">About</router-link>

<router-link to="/contact">Contact</router-link>

When a <router-link> is clicked, Vue Router automatically updates the URL and renders the corresponding component.

Accessing Route Parameters

Sometimes we need to pass parameters to a route, such as an ID or a slug. We can do this by including a dynamic segment in the route path:

{ path: '/users/:id', component: User }

We can access the parameter in the component by using the $route.params object:

export default {

created() {





Vue Router makes it easy to implement routing in our Vue applications. It allows us to navigate between different pages or views without reloading the entire page. By defining routes and using the <router-link> component, we can create a seamless navigation experience for our users.

Implementing Vue Router

Vue Router is a powerful routing library for Vue.js applications. It allows you to create multiple pages in your application and navigate between them by changing the URL.

To implement Vue Router in your Vue.js application, follow these steps:

  1. Install Vue Router by running the following command in your terminal:

npm install vue-router

  1. Import Vue Router in your main.js file:

import VueRouter from 'vue-router'

  1. Create a new instance of Vue Router:

const router = new VueRouter({  routes })

  1. Register the Vue Router instance with Vue.js:

new Vue({  router }).$mount('#app')

Now that you have set up Vue Router, you can define your routes. Routes are defined as an array of objects, where each object represents a page in your application.

  1. Create a new file called “routes.js”. In this file, define your routes:

import HomePage from './components/HomePage.vue'

import AboutPage from './components/AboutPage.vue'

const routes = [


path: '/',

name: 'home',

component: HomePage



path: '/about',

name: 'about',

component: AboutPage



export default routes

In the example above, we define two routes: the home route (“/”) and the about route (“/about”). Each route specifies the path, a name, and a component to render when the route is accessed.

Finally, update your App.vue file to include the router-view component, which will render the appropriate component based on the current route:


<div id="app">




With these steps, you have successfully implemented Vue Router in your Vue.js application. You can now navigate between different pages by changing the URL.

Chapter 7: Working with APIs


In this chapter, we will explore how to work with APIs in Vue.js. APIs, or Application Programming Interfaces, allow us to interact with external services and retrieve data.

Why Use APIs?

APIs are essential for building dynamic and interactive web applications. They enable us to fetch data from external sources, such as databases, web services, or third-party APIs. This data can then be used to update the application’s state and render content on the screen.

Fetching Data with Axios

Axios is a popular JavaScript library for making HTTP requests. It provides a simple and efficient way to fetch data from APIs.

To use Axios in your Vue.js application, you can install it via npm or include it directly in your HTML file using a script tag.

Once Axios is set up, you can make GET, POST, PUT, DELETE, and other types of requests to retrieve and send data to APIs.

Creating a Component for API Integration

When working with APIs, it’s common to create a dedicated component that handles the API integration. This component can encapsulate the logic for fetching data, handling loading and error states, and rendering the retrieved data.

In this component, you can use lifecycle hooks like created or mounted to trigger the API request when the component is initialized or mounted in the DOM.

Handling API Responses

Once the API response is retrieved, you can handle it in your Vue.js component. Common approaches include:

  • Updating the component’s data properties with the retrieved data
  • Conditionally rendering components or content based on the API response
  • Displaying loading or error messages based on the API request status

Using Vuex for API Integration

Vuex is a state management pattern and library for Vue.js applications. It helps manage the application’s state in a centralized manner, making it easier to handle API integration.

With Vuex, you can store the retrieved API data in the application’s state and access it from different components. This allows for better separation of concerns and reusability of API integration logic.


Working with APIs is an essential part of building modern web applications. Vue.js provides powerful tools like Axios and Vuex that make it easy to fetch and manage API data. By following the best practices outlined in this chapter, you can ensure a smooth and efficient integration with external services.

Making HTTP Requests with Axios


Axios is a popular HTTP client library that allows developers to make HTTP requests from their applications. It provides an easy-to-use and flexible interface for sending and receiving data over HTTP or HTTPS.

Installing Axios

To start using Axios in your Vue.js application, you need to install it first. You can install Axios via npm or yarn by running the following command:

npm install axios


yarn add axios

Making GET Requests

To make a GET request with Axios, you can use the axios.get() method. It takes a URL as the first argument and returns a promise that resolves to the response data:


.then(response => {



.catch(error => {



Making POST Requests

To make a POST request with Axios, you can use the method. It takes a URL as the first argument, an optional data payload as the second argument, and returns a promise that resolves to the response data:'/api/users', {

firstName: 'John',

lastName: 'Doe'


.then(response => {



.catch(error => {



Handling Errors

Axios provides a convenient way to handle errors by using the .catch() method. It allows you to catch any error that occurs during the request and handle it accordingly:


.then(response => {



.catch(error => {

if (error.response) {

console.error('Response Error:',;

} else if (error.request) {

console.error('Request Error:', error.request);

} else {

console.error('Error:', error.message);



Configuring Request Headers

You can configure custom request headers by passing an object containing the headers to the second argument of the respective Axios request method:

axios.get('/api/users', {

headers: {

'Authorization': 'Bearer ' + token,

'Content-Type': 'application/json'



.then(response => {



.catch(error => {




Axios is a powerful library for making HTTP requests in your Vue.js applications. It provides a simple and intuitive API for performing various HTTP operations such as GET and POST requests, handling errors, and configuring request headers. With Axios, you can easily interact with APIs and fetch data from external sources in your Vue.js application.


What is Vue.js?

Vue.js is a JavaScript framework that allows you to build user interfaces. It is known for its simplicity and flexibility, making it a popular choice for developers.

Is Vue.js suitable for creating large-scale applications?

Yes, Vue.js is suitable for creating large-scale applications. It has a component-based architecture that promotes reusability and modular development, making it easy to manage complex projects.

Do I need any prior knowledge of JavaScript to use Vue.js?

Yes, basic knowledge of JavaScript is required to work with Vue.js. It is important to understand the fundamentals of JavaScript, such as variables, functions, and objects, in order to effectively use Vue.js.

Can I use Vue.js with other JavaScript frameworks?

Yes, Vue.js can be used with other JavaScript frameworks. It can be integrated into existing projects and work alongside other frameworks like React or Angular. Vue.js provides a set of tools and libraries that make it easy to combine with other frameworks.